The name is from the lands of Carruthers in Middlebie parish in Dumfrisshire. In the 13th century the Carruthers were stewards of Annandale under the Bruces. Clan Carruthers although a Clan in their own right have been connected to the Family of Bruce and have historically worn the Bruce Tartans. There is some discussion about whether this tartan was originally Carruthers.
Simon Carruthers who was parson of Middlebie swore fealty to Edward I, and in 1320, Thomas Carutherys received a charter of the lands of Musfald and Appiltretwayt.